The World Asthma Day (WAD) is an annual event organized by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA)
to increase the awareness among public worldwide about the precautions and prevention of the asthma. It is celebrated on annual basis at first Tuesday of May month.
World Asthma Day: Brief History
World Asthma Day was first held in 1998 and was attended by more than 50 countries all over the world right after the first meeting was held in Barcelona. The aim of this event is to raise asthma awareness throughout the world and to enhance the quality of care in managing asthma especially in the self-care aspect of it.
World Asthma Day is celebrated to achieve the following purposes:
- To aid in the improvement of asthma care and increase the awareness of lay people regarding asthma.
- To prevent an increase in the death rate as well as to reduce the overall death rate attributed to asthma.
- To encourage all persons with asthma to join together for proper diagnosis and treatment provision.
- To enhance the welfare of those people without asthma while protecting the welfare of those having it.
- To determine the proper treatment classification of the patient according to the standard guidelines whether they belong to the primary or secondary level.
- To reduce the cases of emergency hospital visits due to asthma.
- To minimize the number of days spent in the hospital by the asthmatic patient.
World Asthma Day: What is Asthma?
Asthma is a disease that many people suffer from. It is a chronic disease that can greatly affect a person’s breathing by creating an inflammatory effect in the lungs leading to the narrowing of the airway or even worse, airway closure. The person will then have difficulty breathing and have the tendency to suffer from asphyxia.
World Asthma Day: What Causes Asthma?
There is no clear reason for the occurrence of asthma but there are various aspects that can cause the development of asthma. Here are some of the common causes of it:
Genetics: Genes pose a big impact in the development of asthma in a person. Once the parents or even the primary relatives have asthma, there is a big chance of passing it to the next generation since it runs in the family.
Environment: It has been believed that exposure to allergens, irritants, and dust from the environment may predispose a person to developing asthma, especially to infants since they still have an immature immune system.
Allergens: Sensitivity to certain allergens or having allergies may result in the occurrence of asthma. Due to that fact that allergies can trigger histamine production, there will be a massive inflammatory effect that can cause the lungs to swell and narrow.
Moreover, there are various ways to manage asthma. So, awareness to these ways and even to the nature of the disease itself is highly important. Due to that reason, the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) organized the World Asthma Day.