United Nations Universal Children’s Day was established in 1954 and is celebrated on November 20th each year to promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide, and improving children's welfare.

November 20th is an important date as it is the date in 1959 when the UN General Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. It is also the date in 1989 when the UN General assembly adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Since 1990, Universal Children's Day also marks the anniversary of the date that the UN General Assembly adopted both the declaration and the convention on children's rights.

History of the Children Day
By resolution 836(IX) of 14 December 1954, the General Assembly recommended that all countries institute a Universal Children's Day, to be observed as a day of worldwide fraternity and understanding between children. It recommended that the Day was to be observed also as a day of activity devoted to promoting the ideals and objectives of the Charter and the welfare of the children of the world. The Assembly suggested to governments that the Day be observed on the date and in the way which each considers appropriate. The date 20 November marks the day on which the Assembly adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child, in 1959, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, in 1989. The Convention, which is the most widely ratified international human rights treaty, sets out a number of children’s rights including the right to life, to health, to education and to play, as well as the right to family life, to be protected from violence, to not be discriminated, and to have their views heard. The basis of the Convention and joint effort by all the countries and regions, let us promote and celebrate children’s right on the Universal Children's Day, and continuously build up a friendly environment for children in the world through dialogue and actions.

Child Rights Day in India
Child Rights Day in India is celebrated every year on 20th of November to reconsider the real human rights for all the children in India. A national conference is organized yearly on 20th on November by the National Commission for Protection of Child Rights to make aware the people about all the rights of their children. 20th of November is also celebrated as the Universal Children Day (International Child Rights Day) all across the world. Members of the International community worldwide including the countries like India celebrates this day on 20 November by organizing different programs to reassess the child rights and, to create the awareness about the child rights and child protection. According to the child rights it is very necessary to safeguard, care and legal protection of children during their physical and mental immaturity means childhood.

Objectives  of Child Rights:
1.    Child rights day is celebrated every year in India to make sure that children are getting rights and respect.
2.    Offer them a chance to fully develop and enjoy their security.
3.    To make sure that all the laws, regulations and aims of the child rights are being followed.
4.    To plan and implement the new child rights policy for the children of weaker sections.
5.    To prevent the violence and abuse, to promote their legal and social rights in the society for the children and their bright future.
6.    To analyze all the pros and cons of implementing the child rights policies in the country.
7.    To analyze and work against the sexual exploitation as well as trafficking of children in the country.

What are Child Rights?
Child rights are specialized human rights that apply to all human beings below the age of 18. Universally child rights are defined by the United Nations and United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC). According to the UNCRC Child Rights are minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be afforded to all persons below the age of 18 regardless of race, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, birth status or ability and therefore apply to all people everywhere. The UN finds these rights interdependent and indivisible, meaning that a right can not be fulfilled at the expense of another right. The purpose of the UNCRC is to outline the basic human rights that should be afforded to children. There are four broad classifications of these rights. These four categories cover all civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of every child.
1) Right to Survival
2) Right to Protection
3) Right to Participation
4) Right to Development

An art exhibition takes place showing the relationship of rights holder and duty holder to aware people about the importance of rights for children and short comings of the duty bearer. Seminar and debates are held on the child rights based approaches to understand the continuing issues even after the child rights has launched. Child Rights is important and must be protected . The Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) Child Protection is about keeping children safe from a risk or perceived risk to their lives or childhood. It is about recognizing that children are vulnerable and hence reducing their vulnerability by protecting them from harm and harmful situations. Child protection is about ensuring that children have a security net to depend on, and if they happen to fall through the holes in the system, the system has the responsibility to provide the child with the necessary care and rehabilitation to bring them back into the safety net.

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