World’s Largest Planetarium
Shanghai is building a planetarium in Lin'gang New Area out in Pudong, which upon completion, will cover 38,163 sqm, making it the world's largest planetarium.
The Shanghai Planetarium has officially entered the first stages of construction, with a completion year of 2020. The planetarium, co-designed by American architect firm Ennead Architects and the Shanghai Institue of Architectural Design and Research will cost an estimated RMB6 mil. to build and will be accessible via metro line 16 Dishui Lake Station.The planetarium will include exterior and interior exhibits, a 78ft-high solar telescope, a 68ft-diameter Digital Sky Theater, a 60ft-diameter Optical Planetarium, an IMAX theater, and an Education and Research Center, among others.It will draw inspiration form astronomical principles, the design strategy provides a platform for the experience of orbital motion, and utilizes that as a metaphorical reference and generator of form.There will be three ‘celestial bodies’ comprise the architecture: the Oculus, the Inverted Dome, and the Sphere. It will be suspended above the main entry to the Museum, the Oculus demonstrates the passage of time by tracking a circle of sunlight on the ground across the entry plaza and reflecting pool. The Inverted Dome, which facilitates an authentic experience of both day and night sky, sits atop the central atrium around which all galleries are organized and through which all visitors pass. And, the Sphere contains the domed screen of the Planetarium; a continuous skylight around the Sphere allows direct sunlight to enter and marks the passage of time in the Museum below, with a full circular ring of light realized at the non hour of the summer solstice.
A planetarium is a large dome shaped theater in which the crowed looks to the top of the dome which is projected with video shows about astronomy and the night sky. Some planetariums have movement features that help simulate the movement and complexity of different objects in the galaxy. Some planetariums also use lasers and other advanced means to enhance the show.
International Planetarium Society: The International Planetarium Society is the global association of planetarium professionals. Its nearly 500 members come from 50 countries around the world. They represent schools, colleges and universities, museums, and public facilities of all sizes, including both fixed and portable planetariums.The primary goal of the Society is to encourage the sharing of ideas among its members through conferences, publications, and networking. By sharing their insights and creative work, IPS members become better planetarians.IPS membership is open to anyone interested in planetariums. Members include directors, teachers, technicians, writers, artists, media specialists, digital artists and producers, presenters, vendors, scientists, students, sponsors, and simply friends and fans of the planetarium dome and its starry sky.More than 20 regional and national planetarium associations from around the world are affiliated with IPS. Representatives from those affiliates, together with the elected officers, make up the Executive Council, the ruling body of the organization.
Planetarium In India: The Nehru Planetarium in New Delhi is situated in the green surroundings of the Teen Murti House, earlier the official residence of India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru and now a museum in his memory. Conscious of the fact that an understanding of the spirit and method of science was crucial for children to become responsible citizens, Nehru liked every opportunity to be provided to them in this endeavor. In 1964, the Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund was set up to promote his ideas and subsequently it undertook to build the Nehru Planetarium with its primary aim being the promotion of astronomy education. Nehru Planetarium is now a wing of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library. The Planetarium has been constantly improvising and innovating programmes for its visitors. The strength of the planetarium lies in its live interactions and programs for visitors, students and amateur astronomers. The Planetarium is always active with programs for school and college students and for amateur astronomers. Through out the year, there are a number of workshops or observing activities. There are also Astronomy Quiz and Art competitions in the months of February and August. The planetarium infrastructure and projection equipment has very recently been upgraded with the upgradation process being undertaken as a turn key project by the National Council of Science Museums, Kolkata.
Some of the Best Planetarium In the world
1. Hayden Planetarium, New York City, New York – The Hayden Planetarium is part of the Rose Center which itself is part of the American Museum of Natural History, without a doubt one of the best attractions in New York. The planetarium opened in 2000 and is directed by no other than Neil deGrasse Tyson. The structure is a complete sphere divided to two: The top half is the Star Theater, presenting space shows, and the bottom half is the Big Bang Theater, presenting the birth of the universe
2. Samuel Oschin Planetarium, Los Angeles, California – The Samuel Oschin Planetarium is part of the Griffith Observatory, located inside Griffith Park – a world famous urban park and one of the most popular attractions in LA. The 75 ft (just under 23 meters) aluminum planetarium dome is one of the largest and technologically advanced planetariums in the world, allowing visitors to see what the night sky looked like at any moment in history
3. Nagoya City Science Museum, Nagoya City, Japan – The Nagoya City Science Museum is home to the biggest planetarium in the world with a dome diameter of 35 meters (115 ft), and 350 seats. But this planetarium is not just the biggest, it’s also one of the most sophisticated and highest quality planetariums ever built
4. L’Hemisfèric, The City of Arts and Sciences, Valencia, Spain -L’Hemisfèric is the planetarium and the centerpiece in the City of Arts and Sciences in Valencia. The building resembles a giant eye and opens and closes like eyelids, with a glass bottom water pool surrounding the “eyelid”. The half-sphere in the center (the “eyeball”) is composed of concrete and is 110 meters long and 55.5 meters wide
5. Adler Planetarium, Chicago, Illinois – Founded in 1930, the Adler Planetarium is the first planetarium in America. It is home to not one, but three domed theaters: The Grainger Sky Theater – the largest and most technologically advanced theater, the Definiti Theater, and the Samuel C. Johnson Family Star Theater – a high definition 3D theater.