Cancer to be declared as notified disease
GS Paper - 2 (Health)
The 139th report on "Cancer Care Plan and Management: Prevention, Diagnosis, Research & Affordability of Cancer Treatment" was submitted to the Rajya Sabha chairman, which recommended that the Cancer be declared as a notifiable disease. The parliamentary standing committee on health and family welfare made the recommendation citing several unreported deaths owing to cancer in India.
Main recommendation of the committee
- The Committee expressed its deep displeasure over the National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) which has been working since 1982 through Population Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) and Hospital Based Cancer Registry (HBCR) but only 10 per cent of the Indian population is covered under PBCRs.
- The Committee recommended the National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (ICMR) to take requisite action to set up a population-based cancer registry (PCBR) in rural areas of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Telangana and Orissa.
What is a notifiable disease?
- A notifiable disease is any disease that is required by law to be reported to government authorities.
- The collation of information allows the authorities to monitor the disease, and provides early warning of possible outbreaks.
What is Cancer?
- Cancer is a disease in which some of the body's cells grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body.
- The ability to combat the disease and recover depends on few factors including at which stage the disease was diagnosed.
- Cancer often has the ability to spread throughout your body. Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the world.