GS Paper - 1 (History and Culture)

Hindi Diwas, observed across the country in schools, colleges and other institutions on 14 September 2022, is the celebration of the declaration of Hindi as the official language of India. It is celebrated every year on 14 September. Hindi is the official language in India and is quite popular in countries like- Fiji, New Zealand, Singapore, Mauritius, others.

History

  1. On 14th September in the year 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India decided by one vote that Hindi would be the official language of India. Hindi Diwas is celebrated every year on 14 September to mark this day.
  2. The day also marks the birthday of Beohar Rajendra Simha, who was an acclaimed Indian scholar. Simha is known for the illustrations in the original final manuscript of the Constitution of India.
  3. It was on his 50th birthday that the Hindi language got adopted in official terms. It was the late Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru who decided to celebrate 14 September as Hindi Diwas.

Importance

  1. Hindi Diwas is celebrated on 14 September annually to promote the language and its usage across the nation.
  2. Apart from Hindi Diwas, World Hindi Day is celebrated every year on 10 January to commemorate the anniversary of the first World Hindi Conference held at Nagpur on 10 January 1975, in which 122 delegates from 30 countries participated. The aim of the conference was to promote Hindi language across the world.