GS Paper - 2 (Polity)

Jagdeep Dhankhar took oath as the 14th Vice-President of India on 11 August 2022. He was administered the oath of office by President Droupadi Murmu at the Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi. Dhankhar succeeds M Venkaiah Naidu whose term ended on 10 August 2022.

What

  1. By holding the second-highest constitutional office in the country, the vice president also acts as the President in case of death, resignation or removal of the incumbent, until a new president is elected.
  2. The vice president serves a five-year term but can continue to be in office, irrespective of the expiry of the term, until the successor assumes office.
  3. During this period, the vice president has all the powers, immunities and privileges of the president and receives emoluments and allowances payable to the president.
  4. The Constitution is silent on who performs the duties of the vice president, when a vacancy occurs in the office before the expiry of the term, or when the V-P acts as the President of India.
  5. The only provision in the Constitution is with regard to the vice president's function as the chairperson of Rajya Sabha, which is performed, during the period of such vacancy, by the Deputy Chairperson of Rajya Sabha, or any other member of the upper house authorised by the President of India.
  6. The vice president is the ex-officio chairperson of Rajya Sabha and does not hold any other office of profit.