GS Paper - 3 (Health and Diseases)

UNION AGRICULTURE Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launched an indigenous vaccine for lumpy skin disease (LSD), which has spread across states, causing deaths of hundreds of cattle since 2019. Tomar said the development of the vaccine was a milestone event as livestock, along with human resources, is the “biggest asset of our country”.

What

  1. Lumpi-ProVacInd, the vaccine, has been developed by two institutes under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)National Equine Research Center, Hisar (Haryana) in collaboration with the Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izzatnagar (Bareilly).
  2. Ever since the disease came to India in 2019, research institutes have been engaged in developing the vaccine, the Ministry of Agriculture said. The vaccine is 100% effective, complying with all standards.
  3. There are 30 crore livestock in the country, considering the plight of mute animals, all possible measures should be taken to provide them relief at the earliest.
  4. The disease was endemic in Africa, but in the last 2-3 years, after entrapping the southern states of India, an outbreak/epidemic of LSD has spread to Punjab and other states of northern India. The disease occurs mostly in cows and somewhat less in buffaloes.

What is the Lumpy Skin Disease?

  1. According to a report by GAVI, the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, the Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) disease is caused by a virus called the Capripoxvirus and is “an emerging threat to livestock worldwide”. It is genetically related to the goatpox and sheeppox virus family.
  2. LSD infects cattle and water buffalo mainly through vectors such as blood-feeding insects.
  3. Signs of infection include the appearance of circular, firm nodes on the animal’s hide or skin that look similar to lumps.