Over the last few weeks, nearly 3,000 cattle have died in Rajasthan and Gujarat due to a viral infection called the Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) that has spread across the states.

What is the Lumpy Skin Disease?

  1. According to a report by GAVI, the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation, the Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) disease is caused by a virus called the Capripoxvirus and is “an emerging threat to livestock worldwide”. It is genetically related to the goatpox and sheeppox virus family.
  2. LSD infects cattle and water buffalo mainly through vectors such as blood-feeding insects.
  3. Signs of infection include the appearance of circular, firm nodes on the animal’s hide or skin that look similar to lumps.
  4. Infected animals immediately start losing weight and may have fever and lesions in the mouth, along with a reduced milk yield.
  5. Other symptoms include excessive nasal and salivary secretion. Pregnant cows and buffaloes often suffer miscarriage and in some cases, diseased animals can die due to it as well.