India strengthens its climate targets
GS Paper - 3 (Environment)
The government converted two of those into official targets, which would now be part of India’s international climate commitments for 2030. India’s NDC, or nationally determined commitments, has been updated with these two promises, both of which are enhancements of existing targets, and would be submitted to the UN climate body. The 2015 Paris Agreement requires every country to set self-determined climate targets which have to be progressively updated with more ambitious goals every few years.
- India will now reduce its emission intensity by at least 45 per cent, instead of just 33 to 35 per cent, from 2005 levels by 2030.
- Also, it would now ensure that at least 50 per cent of its total electricity generation, not just 40 per cent, would come from renewable sources by 2030.
- The forestry target has not been touched.
- Apart from these, at least 500 GW of India’s installed electricity generation capacity in 2030 would be based on non-fossil fuel sources.
India’s original NDC contained three main targets for 2030:
- India’s first NDC was submitted in 2015, just before the Paris Agreement was finalised.
- A 33 to 35 per cent reduction in emissions intensity (or emissions per unit of GDP) from 2005 levels
- At least 40 per cent of total electricity generation to come from non-fossil renewable sources
- An increase in forest cover to create an additional carbon sinks of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent.