GS Paper - 3 (Health and Diseases)

Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launched the very first homegrown Covid-19 vaccine Anocovax for animals. The new vaccine for animals Anocovax has been developed by the Haryana-based agri-research institute ICAR-National Research Centre on Equines (NRC). Additionally, the minister launched the 'CAN-CoV-2 ELISA kit', a sensitive and specific nucleocapsid protein-based indirect ELISA kit, for antibody detection against SARS-CoV-2 in canines.

What is Anocovax?

  1. Anocovax is an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 Delta Covid-19 vaccine for animals.
  2. The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) said that the immunity induced by Anocovax neutralises both Delta and Omicron variants of SARS-CoV-2.
  3. The new vaccine contains inactivated SARS-CoV-2 (Delta) antigen with Alhydrogel as an adjuvant. It is safe for dogs, lions, leopards, mice and rabbits.

What is ELISA kit

  1. As of now, there are no laboratory animals required for the preparation of the antigens. The kit is made in India and a patent has been filed for the same.
  2. No other comparable kits for detection of antibodies in canines are available in the market.
  3. Surra ELISA kit, a suitable diagnostic assay for 'Trypanosoma evansi' infection in multiple animal species, was also launched.
  4. It is important to note that Surra is one of the most important haemoprotozoan diseases of the different livestock species caused by Trypanosoma evansi.
  5. The disease is prevalent in all the agro-climatic parts of India. In India, losses to livestock productivity were estimated to be ₹44,740 million annually due to Surra.