GS Paper - 3 (Space Technology)

The Prime Minister inaugurated the headquarters of the Indian Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe) in Ahmedabad, set up to promote private investment and innovation in the space sector. Earlier, the space sector was closed to private companies as "they could only be vendors".

Role of IN-SPACe

  1. ISRO, NewSpace India Ltd (NSIL) and IN-SPACe will play “very different” roles.
  2. NSIL, a public sector enterprise, will be the “commercial arm of the government in space, with the role to commercialise what ISRO does.”
  3. So basically, NSIL will not get involved from agency to agency but let’s say (if) the private sector wants to use ISRO launchpad or ISRO rocket for a launch, they will go to NSIL to do this as it’s a commercial agreement.
  4. There can be a country-to-country deal with NSIL. ISRO, when it was conceived originally, was not meant to do anything with the private sector.
  5. Now when we are trying to see how ISRO’s facilities, technology and infrastructure can be used by the private sector, NSIL plays that role.
  6. On the other hand, the private sector should aproach IN-SPACe for all their needs. So if they need to use any facility from ISRO, they will come to IN-SPACe.
  7. If they want any technology, they will come to IN-SPACe. IN-SPACe will work with ISRO and NSIL to transfer that technology through NSIL to the private sector.
  8. So, basically IN-SPACe is creating a single window for the private sector to approach the government for any space-related activity. Actual execution can be done by ISRO, NSIL and over time, maybe even by IN-SPACe.
  9. IN-SPACe will also work to connect the private sector globally to take their technology and infrastructure to get business from outside.