GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India and Vietnam on 8 June 2022 signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on mutual logistics support in presence of the two Defence Ministers during the ongoing visit of Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to the Southeast Asian nation. The Defence Ministers signed the ‘Joint Vision Statement on India-Vietnam Defence Partnership towards 2030’, which will significantly enhance the scope and scale of existing defence cooperation.


  1. In these times of increasing cooperative engagements between the defence forces of the two countries, this is a major step towards simplifying procedures for mutually beneficial logistic support and is the first such major agreement which Vietnam has signed with any country.
  2. India has signed several logistics agreements including all Quad countries, France, Singapore and South Korea beginning with the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement with the U.S. in 2016.
  3. Logistics agreements are administrative arrangements facilitating access to military facilities for exchange of fuel and provisions on mutual agreement simplifying logistical support and increasing operational turnaround of the military when operating away from India.
  4. Both Ministers also agreed for early finalisation of $US 500 million Defence Line of Credit extended to Vietnam.


  1. The relations between the two countries were elevated to the level of a “strategic partnership” during the visit of Vietnam’s then Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung to India in July 2007.
  2. In 2016, during Prime M visit to Vietnam, the bilateral relations were further elevated to a “comprehensive strategic partnership”.
  3. Vietnam has become an important partner in India’s Act East policy and the Indo-Pacific vision.