GS Paper - 2 (Human rights)

Social activist Father Stan Swamy was honoured at the award distribution function of Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders 2022, referred to as the Nobel Prize of human rights defenders, posthumously in Geneva. Father Stan had formed several organisations to promote human rights, particularly among the Adivasi community in Jharkhand. He also worked for the displaced persons of the state.


  1. Every year, the Martin Ennals Foundation, based in Geneva, Switzerland, gives out an award that is regarded as the Nobel Prize for human rights defenders.
  2. The recipients of this year’s awards include Daouda Diallo from Burkina Faso, Pham Doan Trang from Vietnam and Abdul-Hadi Al-Khawaja of Bahrain.
  3. In a special move, the Martin Ennals Foundation has decided to posthumously pay homage to Father Stan Swamy, a Jesuit priest and tribal rights activist from Jharkhand.
  4. Martin Ennals was a British activist who spent his life working to secure human rights across the world.
  5. He was Secretary-General of Amnesty International from 1968 to 1980. Ennals also co-founded several organisations, such as Article 19, International Alert and Huridocs and formed “the binding force between them”.
  6. Ennals died in 1991 and, in his memory, the Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders is given to “individuals and organisations that have shown exceptional commitment to defending and promoting human rights, despite the risks involved”.