GS Paper - 2 (Health)

On the annual World no Tobacco Day (31 May 2022), the World Health Organization (WHO) released a report "Tobacco: poisoning our planet" that looks at the devastating impact of the industry on the planet. According to the UN health agency, the tobacco industry is a far greater threat than many realize as it is one of the world's biggest polluters.

According to the report

  1. The WHO called for the tobacco industry to be held to account and foot the bill for the cleanup.
  2. The WHO said that tobacco is killing more than 80 lakh people every year around the world.
  3. China, Brazil, and India are the largest tobacco leaf growers, with China accounting for 3.2 million metric tones.
  4. Tobacco industry is responsible for the loss of some 600 million trees each year. Tobacco farming also accounts for about 5% of global deforestation and drives the depletion of precious water resources.
  5. Tobacco growing and production uses 200,000 hectares of land and 22 billion tonnes of water annually.
  6. Tobacco accounts for a significant share of global greenhouse gas emissions -- with the equivalent of one-fifth of the global airline industry's carbon footprint.
  7. Products like cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and e-cigarettes also contribute significantly to the global build-up of plastic pollution.