First country to introduce monkeypox quarantine
GS Paper - 2 (Diseases)
Belgium has become the first country to introduce a compulsory 21-day monkeypox quarantine -- as 14 countries now confirm outbreaks of the viral disease and doctors warn of a 'significant rise' in UK cases. Those who contract the virus will now have to self-isolate for three weeks, Belgian health authorities have said, after three cases were recorded in the country.
- The infections, the first of which was recorded on 20 May 2022, are all linked to a festival in the port city of Antwerp.
- The rare viral infection, which people usually pick up in the tropical areas of west and central Africa, can be transmitted by very close contact with an infected person.
- It is usually mild, with most patients recovering within a few weeks without treatment.
- However, the disease can prove fatal with the strain causing the current outbreak killing one in 100 infected.
- The disease, which was first found in monkeys, can be transmitted from person to person through close physical contact -- as well as sexual intercourse.