The International Council of Museums (ICOM) announced 18 May as International Museum Day (IMD) in 1977. Its objective is to raise awareness about the fact that, “Museums are an important means of cultural exchange, enrichment of cultures and development of mutual understanding, cooperation and peace among peoples.”


  1. Officially established with the adoption of a resolution during the ICOM General Assembly in Moscow in 1977, the idea of IMD goes back to 1951, when the ICOM gathered the international museum community for a meeting called Crusade for Museums, to discuss the theme “Museums and Education.”
  2. Every year, the ICOM also declares a theme and the participating museums are invited to create special activities in line with that.
  3. The theme chosen for 2020 was “Museums for Equality: Diversity and Inclusion” and 2021 reflected on the pandemic, with the theme “The Future of Museums: Recover and Reimagine.”
  4. The theme for 2022 is “The Power of Museums”, elucidating that “museums have the power to transform the world around us. As incomparable places of discovery, they teach us about our past and open our minds to new ideas — two essential steps in building a better future.”
  5. Founded in 1814, the Indian Museum in Kolkata, also known as the Imperial Museum, is the oldest museum in India.
  6. Its collection boasts of a wide range, from armor and antiques to ornaments, skeleton, fossils and miniature paintings.