GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

A four-day meeting of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation's (SCO's) Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) began in the national capital on 16 May 2022. The participants of all nine members of the SCO grouping took part in the meeting. India is the current chair of the executive council of SCO RATS.

Key points

  1. Counter-terrorism experts from India, Pakistan and other member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) deliberated on boosting cooperation in combating various regional security challenges at the meeting.
  2. A major focus of the discussions was to be on the situation in Afghanistan, especially in dealing with the threat from terrorist groups active in the Taliban-ruled country.
  3. India has shown keen interest in deepening its security-related cooperation with the SCO and it’s Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS) which specifically deals with issues relating to security and defence.
  4. The participating countries vowed to work towards ensuring that Afghanistan does not become a safe haven for global terrorism and called for the formation of an "open and truly inclusive" government in Kabul with representation from all sections of Afghan society.
  5. India will be hosting the SCO RATS council meeting this October. New Delhi has also proposed holding a SCO joint anti-terrorist exercise in Manesar this year.
  6. The SCO grouping comprises Russia, China and India. Besides this, Pakistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, are also part of the grouping. Afghanistan is among the observer states of the SCO.
  7. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation's's RATS, based in Tashkent, is a permanent body of the grouping for countering terrorism, extremism, and separatism in the Eurasian region.