GS Paper - 2 (International reports)

According to the 'Global Land Outlook' report released by the United Nations, Pakistan along with 23 other countries has been listed as "drought-hit". Pakistan is facing drought emergencies over the past two years (2020-2022). The report released by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) ahead of the UN Desertification and Drought Day (17 June) said that over the past century, the highest number of people affected by drought was in Asia.

According to the report

  1. The 23 countries listed by the report include Afghanistan, Angola, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Chile, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mauritania, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Somalia, South Sudan, Syria, Pakistan, the United States and Zambia.
  2. About future scenarios, the report predicts the outcomes by 2050 and the risks involved, and says by 2050, an additional 4 million square kilometres of natural areas would require restoration measures, augmented with protection measures of areas important for biodiversity, water regulation, conservation of soil and carbon stocks, and provision of critical ecosystem functions.
  3. Up to 40 per cent of the planet's land is degraded, which directly affects half of humanity, threatening roughly half of the global GDP worth USD 44 trillion.
  4. The report warned that at no other point in modern history has humanity faced such an array of familiar and unfamiliar risks and hazards, interacting in a hyper-connected and rapidly changing world.
  5. Poor rural communities, smallholder farmers, women, youth, indigenous peoples, and other at-risk groups are disproportionately affected by desertification, land degradation, and drought.
  6. At the same time, traditional and local knowledge of indigenous peoples and local communities, proven land stewards, represent a vast store of human and social capital that must be respected and can be used to protect and restore natural capital.