The Union Ministry of Law and Justice on 19 April 2022 notified the Delhi Municipal Corporation (Amendment) Act, 2022, to reunify the three municipal corporations in the Capital. According to the Act, the three MCDs—East Delhi Municipal Corporation, South Delhi Municipal Corporation and North Delhi Municipal Corporation—will be merged and will be called the Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD).

What

  1. All the liabilities, employees, and revenue sources of the SDMC, EDMC and NDMC will soon be transferred to the MCD. The Centre will also appoint a special officer to oversee the functions of the Corporation.
  2. The Union Cabinet cleared the bill to merge the three MCDs on 22 March 2022 and passed the bill in Lok Sabha on 30 March 2022.
  3. The Centre had cited increased financial liabilities of the three MCDs due to the trifurcation as the reason for the reunification of the MCDs.
  4. The Centre claimed that the financial constraints had left the MCDs “incapacitated to make timely payment of salaries and retirement benefits to their employees”.
  5. The Delhi Municipal Corporation Amendment Act, 2022, gives complete control of the civic body to the Centre.
  6. The Act also has a provision of the number of seats being fixed to not more than 250 which is currently 272. This means that there would be a delimitation exercise, which would lead to a considerable delay in the conduct of the civic body polls.
  7. One of the main features of the Act is that it empowers the central government more than the Delhi government.
  8. In 2012, the MCD was divided into three bodiesNorth Delhi, South Delhi and East Delhi municipal corporations.