GS Paper - 3 (Environment)

Gujarat has topped NITI Aayog State Energy and Climate Index-(SECI) Round 1 among larger states. This index aims to rank states and union territories on six parametersdiscoms performance, access affordability and reliability of energy, clean energy initiatives, energy efficie­ncy, environmental sustai­nability and new initiatives. The index is based on 2019-20 data.

What

  1. Gujarat was followed by Kerala and Punjab, according to the government think tank’s report.
  2. States like Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand were placed at the bottom.
  3. The report said the performance of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Odisha has greater scope for improvement in terms of clean energy initiatives, energy efficiency, environmental sustainability and new initiatives.
  4. Among the smaller states, Goa topped the index, followed by Tripura and Manipur.
  5. Punjab was the best performer in discom performance parameters among larger states, while Kerala emerged top performer in access, affordability and reliability category.
  6. The State Energy and Climate Index (SECI) is the first index that aims to track the efforts made by States and UTs in the climate and energy sector.
  7. These parameters have been devised keeping in mind India’s goals for climate change and clean energy transition.
  8. The SECI is the first step in this journey where States can explore and benchmark themselves on various parameters.
  9. The SECI will help States to understand their performance across multiple parameters/indicators.