GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

The External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and his Maldivian counterpart Abdulla Shahid acknowledged strides made in fields of capacity building and training as the two countries inked an agreement paving the way for connectivity between India’s National Knowledge Network and the Maldives’ Higher Education Network.


  1. National Knowledge Network is a multi-gigabit national research and education network, whose purpose is to provide a unified high speed network backbone for educational and research institutions in India. The network is managed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC).
  2. With the signing of a peering agreement, 1500+ Indian Institutes, Universities and centres of learning from Singapore, Europe and the US are connected to the Maldives via India’s National Knowledge Network, Jaishankar said.
  3. A peering agreement is an agreement between two network administrators to share data routing responsibilities across multiple networks. Peering is a mainstay of the global Internet and large data mobility systems.
  4. The Maldives is one of India’s key maritime neighbours in the Indian Ocean region and the bilateral defence and security ties have been on an upward trajectory in the last few years.