GS Paper - 2 (Polity)

The Government of India announced that the Union Cabinet chaired has approved the establishment of a WHO Global Centre for Traditional Medicine (WHO GCTM) in Jamnagar, Gujarat. This would be the first and only global outposted Centre (office) for traditional medicine across the globe.

What

  1. This deal was done between the Government of India and the World Health Organization (WHO) by signing a Host Country agreement.
  2. The WHO GCTM will be established under the Ministry of Ayush in India; the upcoming WHO- GCTM and various other initiatives in collaboration with WHO will aid India in positioning traditional medicine across the globe.
  3. The Ministry of AYUSH has collaborated with WHO on many fronts including developing benchmarks documents on training and practice of Ayurveda and Unani System, introducing a second module in the Traditional Medicine Chapter of the International classification of Diseases-11, developing apps like M-yoga, supporting the work of International Pharmacopeia of Herbal Medicine (IPHM) and other research studies etc.
  4. Traditional medicine is a key pillar of health care delivery systems and plays a crucial role in maintaining good health and well-being.
  5. Safe and effective traditional medicine will play a significant role in ensuring all people have access to quality essential health care services and safe, effective and affordable essential medicines as the world approaches the ten-year milestone for Sustainable Development Goals in 2030.
  6. The WHO-GCTM will identify various challenges faced by the countries in regulating, integrating and further positioning Traditional Medicine in respective countries.

Benefits of WHO GCTM

  1. To position AYUSH systems across the globe
  2. To provide leadership on global health matters pertaining to traditional medicine.
  3. To ensure quality, safety and efficacy, accessibility and rational use of traditional medicine.
  4. To develop norms, standards, and guidelines in relevant technical areas, tools and methodologies, for collecting data undertaking analytics, and assess impact.  Envisage WHO TM Informatics centre creating a collaboration of existing TM Data banks, virtual libraries, and academic and research institutes.
  5. To develop specific capacity building and training programmes in the areas of relevance to the objectives and conduct training programmes in campus, residential, or web-based, and through partnerships with the WHO Academy and other strategic partners.