GS Paper - 3 (Defence Technology)

India’s first indigenous flying trainer HANSA-NG, designed and developed by the National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) in Bengaluru, has successfully completed the sea-level trials at Puducherry.


  1. NAL, which operates under the aegis of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) said in a statement issued on 5 March 2022 that the aircraft was flown to Puducherry covering a distance of 140 nautical miles in one-and-half hours at a cruising speed of 155km/hr on 19 February 2022.
  2. The objective of these trials were to evaluate handling qualities, climb / cruise performance, baulked landing, structural performance including positive and negative G (gravitational pull), power plant and other systems performance at sea-level.
  3. All objectives of the sea-level trials have been met and the aircraft has been ferried back to Bengaluru  after completing 18 hours flying at Puducherry.
  4. HANSA-NG is one of the most advanced flying trainer powered by Rotax Digital Control engine with unique features like Just-In-Time Prepreg (JIPREG) Composite lightweight Airframe, Glass Cockpit, Bubble Canopy with wide panoramic view, electrically operated flaps etc.
  5. NAL said the aircraft will see a few more flights before getting type certification by DGCA. It is expected to be completed by April 2022 after which the manufacturing will be initiated with public/private industry.