GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India demanded “safe and uninterrupted” passage for all its nationals, including students still stranded in Ukraine and cities in the conflict zones, as it abstained in the UN General Assembly on a resolution deploring Russian aggression against Ukraine and reiterated that differences can only be resolved through dialogue and diplomacy.


  1. India said it “sincerely” hopes that the second round of talks between Russia and Ukraine “will lead to a positive outcome.”
  2. India urges that all member states demonstrate their commitment to the principles of the UN Charter, to international law and respect of sovereignty and territorial integrity of all states.
  3. India has already dispatched humanitarian assistance to Ukraine, including medicines, medical equipment and other relief material.
  4. The resolution in the 193-member General Assembly was adopted with overwhelming support of 141 nations voting in favour and five against.
  5. Nearly 100 UN Member States co-sponsored the resolution titled ‘Aggression Against Ukraine’, including Afghanistan, Canada, France, Germany, Ireland, Kuwait, Singapore, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States.
  6. The resolution required a 2/3 majority of those voting yes or no to be adopted in the General Assembly.
  7. The UNGA resolution was similar to the one circulated in the 15-nation Security Council, on which also India had abstained.
  8. The UNSC resolution, which received 11 votes in favour and three abstentions, was blocked after permanent member Russia exercised its veto.