India is committed on plastic pollution
GS Paper - 3 (Environment)
India is committed to address plastic pollution to reduce its adverse impact on terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems as well as human well-being, Environment Secretary Leena Nandan said at the fifth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly on 1 March 2022. The assembly being held in Nairobi, India had piloted a resolution on addressing single-use plastic product pollution in the last UNEA in 2019.
- The government has recently notified the guidelines on Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR) on plastic packaging under the new Plastic Waste Management Rules banning identified single-use plastic items, which have low utility and high littering potential.
- Proactive steps have been taken to mainstream the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into policies, schemes and programmes of the government.
- Our sustainable development policies cover many sectors such as renewable energy, sustainable mobility, sustainable habitats and many others, India said.
- The progress towards the SDGs can be accelerated through strong global partnerships in accordance with agreements under multilateral environmental conventions.
- Our ministry has already brought out the Plastic Waste Management (Amendment) Rules, 2022, following the directions and vision of the prime minister to ban single-use plastic by 2022.
- According to the Environment ministry, three resolutions were put forth by member states -- Peru, Rwanda, Japan and India -- on plastic pollution.
- The two draft resolutions of Peru, Rwanda and Japan were based on the principle of a legally binding target, while the Indian draft resolution was based upon the principle of immediate collective voluntary action by countries.
- In order to allow for global action to take place, India agreed for setting up of an intergovernmental negotiating committee for a new international legally binding treaty, a ministry official said, adding that the Indian delegation is engaged constructively in the negotiations.