The Prime Minister pledged India’s support towards creating a legally binding international treaty under the United Nations (UN) Convention on the Law of the Sea towards the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Speaking at the One Ocean Summit organised by France and jointly hosted by the UN and the World Bank in Brest, France.

What

  1. India supports the French initiative of a high ambition coalition on Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction (BBNJ).
  2. A coalition on BBNJ was formally launched at the One Ocean Summit on 11 February 2022, with world leaders such as Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, among others, pledging their support.
  3. The One Ocean Summit featured discussions, some of which were hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron, on issues such as combating illegal fishing, decarbonising shipping and reducing plastic pollution.
  4. The objective of the summit, held from 9-11 February, was to mobilise the international community to take tangible action towards preserving and supporting healthy and sustainable ocean ecosystems. It has been viewed as the first high-level gathering dedicated to the cause.

Global initiative on single-use plastic

  1. The prime minister emphasised New Delhi’s commitment towards eliminating single-use plastic and invited France in launching a global initiative dedicated to the cause.
  2. India recently undertook a nationwide awareness campaign to clean plastic and other waste from coastal areas.
  3. India will be happy to join France in launching a global initiative on single-use plastic.
  4. In November 2019, PM launched the The Indo-Pacific Oceans Initiative (IPOI) at the East Asia Summit held in Bangkok, Thailand.
  5. The IPOI draws on existing regional cooperation to focus on such important issues as maritime security, maritime ecology, maritime resources, maritime transport and disaster risk reduction.