GS Paper - 3 (Space Technology)

The Department of Space has planned as many as 19 missions this year even as the Chandrayaan-3, the next phase of India's mission to the moon, is scheduled for August 2022, the government said.

What

  1. A total of 19 missions are planned during January to December 2022, including eight 'Launch Vehicle Missions', seven 'Spacecraft Missions' and four 'Technology Demonstrator Missions'.
  2. The space agency planned for a third lunar mission after its lander rover failed to soft-land on the surface of the moon in 2019.
  3. The same year the Israeli Beresheet had also crashed on the surface of the moon.
  4. A soft-landing will make India the fourth country to do so and the first country to do near the lunar South Pole. India had previously crashed a probe at what is now called the Jawahar point on the moon.
  5. The third mission will carry only a modified lander and rover and will use the orbiter of the Chandrayaan 2 mission to communicate with the earth.

Flashback

  1. The list of satellites launched in the last three years' time include EOS-03 launched on 12 August 2021; Amazonia-1 launched on 28 February 2021; Satish Dhawan SAT (SDSAT) on 28 February 2021, and UNITYsat on 28 February 2021.
  2. In the year 2020 and 2019, CMS-01 was launched on 17 December 2020; EOS-01 (7 November 2020); GSAT-30 (17 January 2020) while those launched in 2019 include RISAT-2BR1 (11 December 2019); Cartosat-3 (27 November 2019); Chandrayaan-2 (22 July 2019); RISAT-2B (22 May 2019); EMISAT (1 April 2019); GSAT-31 (6 February 2019); Microsat-R (24 January 2019) and Kalamsat-V2 (24 January 2019).