GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

Central Asia is central to India's vision of an integrated and stable extended neighbourhood, Prime Minister said as he hosted the first India-Central Asia Summit in a virtual format. All Central Asian Nations are concerned about the Afghan situation and this makes cooperation between India and Central Asia all the more important for regional stability and security.


  1. The virtual summit saw the participation of five presidents -- Kazakhstan's Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Uzbekistan's Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Emomali Rahmon of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan's Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow and Sadyr Japarov of Kyrgyz Republic.
  2. This is the first engagement of its kind between India and the Central Asian countries at the level of leaders.
  3. The first India-Central Asia Summit is a reflection of the country's growing engagement with the Central Asian countries, which are a part of India's "extended neighbourhood".

Joint Working group for Chabahar Port

  1. Leaders of five central Asian countries on 27 January 2022 welcomed India's proposal to establish a joint working group to boost connectivity to the region through the Chabahar port in Iran.
  2. The leaders also stressed on making concerted efforts to boost trade and investment in sectors such as medicine, healthcare, education, information technology, business process outsourcing, infrastructure, agriculture and agri-processing, energy, space industry, textiles, leather and footwear industry, gems and jewellery.

Joint working group on Afghanistan

  1. India and five Central Asian countries on 27 January 2022 discussed the evolving situation in Afghanistan and its impact on security in the region and decided to establish a joint working group on Afghanistan at the senior official’s level.
  2. The timing of the meeting is of particular significance as India and Central Asia countries are celebrating the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations with the 5 Central Asian countries this year.
  3. The Leaders reaffirmed the importance of UNSC Resolution (2021) which unequivocally demands that Afghan territory not be used for sheltering, training, planning or financing terrorist acts and called for concerted action against all terrorist groups, including those sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).