GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

UN member states have failed themselves by continuing to procrastinate on concluding a comprehensive convention against international terrorism, India has said, voicing concern that the global body has neither agreed on a common definition of terrorism nor crafted a well-coordinated policy to tackle the global scourge and dismantle its enabling networks.


  1. India proposed a draft document on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) at the UN in 1986 but it has not been implemented yet as there is no unanimity on the definition of terrorism among the member states.
  2. The Indian diplomat further said that the effectiveness, relevance and longevity of any institution lie in its dynamic character and ability to adapt itself to the changing times.
  3. As long as the key organs of the organisation remain anchored in a governance structure frozen in the past, the crisis of legitimacy and performance will persist, India said.
  4. India welcomed the Secretary-General's continuing initiative to modernise and reform the Secretariat and make the United Nations fit for purpose, including streamlining the peace and security architecture, achieving gender parity and addressing the financial sustainability of the organisation.
  5. In the last one year, India has joined the global efforts to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic.
  6. The Prime Minister's call for One Earth One Health' approach underlines the country's continuing commitment, already evident in the supply of medicines to over 150 countries; and vaccines to many nations in the developing world.