GS Paper - 2 (Polity)

The Election Commission of India (ECI) celebrates 12th National Voters' Day (NVD) on 25 January on the theme 'Making Elections Inclusive, Accessible and Participative'. The theme for this year's NVD, envisages focus on ECI's commitment to facilitate the active participation of voters during the elections and to make the complete process hassle-free and a memorable experience for all categories of voters.


  1. To mark the occasion, National Awards for the Best Electoral Practises for the year 2021-22 conferred on State and District level officers for their outstanding performance in the conduct of elections in different spheres such as IT initiatives, Security Management, Election Management, Accessible Elections and contribution in the field of voter awareness and outreach.
  2. Since 2011, National Voters' Day has been celebrated on 25 January every year, all across the country to mark the foundation day of the Election Commission of India, i.e. 25 January 1950.
  3. The main purpose of the NVD celebration is to encourage, facilitate and maximise enrolment, especially for the new voters.
  4. Dedicated to the voters of the country, the day is utilized to spread awareness among voters and for promoting informed participation in the electoral process.

Structure of the ECI

  1. Originally the commission had only one election commissioner but after the Election Commissioner Amendment Act 1989, it has been made a multi-member body.
  2. The commission presently consists of one Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and two Election Commissioners (ECs).