GS Paper - 2 (Polity)

President Ram Nath Kovind on 25 January 2022 approved conferment of 128 Padma Awards this year. The list comprises 4 Padma Vibhushan, 17 Padma Bhushan and 107 Padma Shri Awards. 34 of the awardees are women and the list also includes 10 persons from the category of Foreigners/NRI/PIO/OCI and 13 Posthumous awardees.


  1. Former Uttar Pradesh chief minister late Kalyan Singh and India's first Chief of Defence Staff General Bipin Rawat who died in a helicopter crash were awarded Padma Vibhushan.
  2. Veteran Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad and former West Bengal chief minister and CPM leader Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee were given Padma Bhushan.
  3. Cyrus Poonawalla of the Serum Institute of India, which manufactured Covid-19 vaccine Covishield, and Krishna Ella and Suchitra Ella of Bharat Biotech, which produced India's indigenous Covid vaccine Covaxin, were also given Padma Bhushan.


  1. Padma Awards - one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.
  2. Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service; ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order and ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field.
  3. The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year.