GS Paper - 3 (Energy)

Union Ministry for Heavy Industries on 15 January 2022 dedicated India's first BHEL-built 'coal to methanol' (CTM) pilot plant to the nation in hyderabad, as part of the ongoing 'Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav' celebrations. The government has already highlighted the importance of the manufacturing sector through schemes like Make in India and Aatmanirbhar Bharat.


  1. The capital goods industry is the backbone of the manufacturing sector as it provides critical inputs such as machinery and equipment to a broad set of user-industries.
  2. The 0.25 TPD (tonnes per day) capacity CTM pilot plants that has been indigenously designed, developed and installed by BHEL is currently producing methanol with purity of more than 99 per cent from high-ash Indian coal.
  3. Significantly, this conversion of high-ash Indian coal to methanol through the gasification route is the first-of-its-kind technology demonstration in India.
  4. Methanol is a clear liquid chemical used in thousands of everyday products, including plastics, paints, cosmetics, and fuels.
  5. Methanol is also an energy resource used in the marine, automotive, and electricity sectors and an emerging renewable energy resource.