GS Paper - 3 (Defence Technology)

India on 11 January 2022 successfully test-fired the sea-to-sea variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from a navy warship offs its western coast. The missile was launched from the Indian Navy destroyer INS Visakhapatnam off the western coast. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the successful launch of the advanced version of the BrahMos missile from the INS Visakhapatnam had “reconfirmed the robustness of the mission readiness” of the Indian Navy.


  1. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) stated that the missile hit the designated target ship precisely during the test.
  2. The BrahMos is a Joint Venture between India and Russia for the development, production and marketing of the supersonic cruise missile.
  3. The air version of the missile was successfully test-fired from the supersonic fighter aircraft Sukhoi 30 MK-I on 8 December 2021.
  4. The surface-to-surface supersonic cruise missile featuring indigenous booster and airframe Section along with many other ‘Made in India’ sub-systems was successfully flight tested for designated range on 30 September 2020.


  1. The DRDO on 11 January 2022 also successfully flight tested the final deliverable configuration of the Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM).
  2. The indigenously developed anti-tank missile is a low weight, “fire and forget” missile and is launched from a man-portable launcher, integrated with thermal sight.
  3. The test of the MPATGM was to prove the consistent performance for the minimum range and all the mission objectives were met.
  4. The missile has a miniaturized infrared imaging seeker and advanced avionics for onboard control and guidance. The missile performance has been proven for the maximum range in earlier test trials.