GS Paper - 2 (Polity)

The Supreme Court, in an interim order, has announced that it will allow NEET-PG Counselling for 2021-2022 based on existing EWS, OBC reservation. The Supreme Court said that it will allow 27% reservation for Other Backward Class (OBC) and 10% for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) category in the All-India Quota (AIQ) seats for admission in the NEET for all medical seats as existing criteria this year.

What

  1. The apex court has listed petitions challenging 8 lakh income criteria for EWS on 5 March for final adjudication.
  2. EWS criteria for academic year 2021-22 for NEET-PG will be notified, and for future it will be subject to final adjudication.
  3. The bench said that detailed reasons for the interim order will follow and the counselling for the NEET-PG for the academic year 2021-22 will proceed as per the criteria already notified.
  4. The bench said that validity of criteria of 8 lakh for determination of EWS for future years will be subject to final adjudication of the batch of petitions and listed the pleas for final hearing on 5 March.
  5. Justifying the application of 8 lakh income criteria for the EWS category, Govt. said the decision was arrived at after due deliberation by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

Flashback

  1. The 10% reservation was introduced through the 103rd Constitution Amendment and enforced in January 2019.
  2. It added Clause (6) to Article 15 to empower the Government to introduce special provisions for the EWS among citizens except those in the classes that already enjoy reservation.
  3. It allows reservation in educational institutions, both public and private, whether aided or unaided, excluding those run by minority institutions, up to a maximum of 10%.
  4. It also added Clause (6) to Article 16 to facilitate reservation in employment. The new clauses make it clear that the EWS reservation will be in addition to the existing reservation.