GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India is among the six Indo-Pacific nations participating in a multilateral anti-submarine warfare exercise in the Pacific Ocean. The US Navy’s seventh fleet said in a statement on 6 January 2022 that the Sea Dragon 22 exercise began on 5 January along with the navies of India, Australia, Canada, Japan and South Korea.


  1. India, Japan, Australia and America are also part of the Quad, and also participate in the Malabar exercise.
  2. Sea Dragon 22, “primarily centering on anti-submarine warfare training and excellence, culminates in over 270 hours of in-flight training, ranging from tracking simulated targets to the final problem of tracking a live US Navy submarine.
  3. Each event will be graded and the nation scoring the highest total points will receive the coveted Dragon Belt award, which the Royal Canadian Air Force won last year.
  4. The “continued growth and increasing complexity of this exercise affords an opportunity to practice ASW tactics, techniques, and procedures with allies and partners that we don’t often get a chance to work with.