GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India, which will chair the UN Security Council’s Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC) in 2022, voted in favour of a resolution to renew the mandate of the CTC Executive Directorate, as it called on nations to remain united against the “tendency of labelling terror acts based on its motivation”.

What

  1. The UN Security Council, through its written silence procedure, renewed the mandate of the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) until 31 December 2025. An interim review will be conducted in December 2023.
  2. India will chair the Counter Terrorism Committee of Security Council from 1 January 2022 for one year.
  3. India said it is committed to pursue all necessary measures in collaboration with other member states towards the goal of zero tolerance for terrorism.
  4. As the Chair of CTC for 2022, India will make determined efforts to further enhance the role of CTC in strengthening the multilateral response to counter terrorism, and more importantly, ensuring that global response to the threat of terrorism remains unambiguous, undivided and effective, India said in the explanation of vote.
  5. India further called on Member States to remain “united against the tendency of labelling acts of terrorism based on its motivation.
  6. Such categorisation will lead the global community back to the pre-9/11 era of “my terrorist” versus “your terrorist”.

Flashback

  1. The CTC is assisted by the Executive Directorate (CTED), which carries out its policy decisions and conducts expert assessments of the 193 United Nations Member States.
  2. CTED conducts country visits on the Counter-Terrorism Committee’s behalf to assess Member States’ counter-terrorism efforts, including progress made, remaining shortfalls, and priority areas for technical assistance needs, as well as to identify terrorism-related trends and challenges and good practices employed in the implementation of relevant Security Council resolutions.
  3. India, which wrapped up the first year of its two-year term as non-permanent UNSC member, chaired the Taliban Sanctions Committee and the Libya Sanctions Committee this year.