Biological Diversity Bill 2021
GS Paper - 2 (Polity)
The Lok Sabha referred the Biological Diversity Bill to a Joint Committee of both houses of Parliament. The Environment Minister moved the motion to refer the Bill to the Joint Committee with 21 members of the Lok Sabha and 10 members from the Rajya Sabha.
- The Biological Diversity (Amendment) Bill, 2021 seeks to reduce the pressure on wild medicinal plants by encouraging cultivation of medicinal plants, encourage Indian system of medicine, facilitate fast-tracking of research, patent application process, transfer of research results while utilising the biological resources available in India without compromising the objectives of United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.
- It’s Nagoya Protocol, decriminalise certain provisions of the 2002 Act and bring more foreign investments in the chain of biological resources, including research, patent and commercial utilization, without compromising the national interest.
- The bill seeks to relax certain rules in the Biodiversity Act 2002 in order to fast track research and patenting as well as empower local communities to be able to utilise resources, particularly of medicinal value, such as seeds.