GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

The United Nations General Assembly has granted Observer Status to the International Solar Alliance (ISA), according to India's Permanent Ambassador to the UN, T S Tirumurti. The ISA was conceived as a joint effort by India and France to mobilise efforts against climate change through the deployment of solar energy solutions.


  1. The granting of Observer Status to ISA in the General Assembly would help provide for regular and well-defined cooperation between the Alliance and the United Nations that would benefit global energy growth and development.
  2. ISA was presented by the leaders of the two countries at the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held in Paris in 2015.
  3. In a short span of six years, the ISA has become an example of how positive global climate action can be taken forward through partnerships.
  4. ISA provides a dedicated platform for cooperation among governments, multilateral organisations, industry, and other stakeholders to help achieve a common goal.
  5. Increasing the use and quality of solar energy to meet energy needs in a safe, convenient, affordable, equitable and sustainable manner enhances energy security and sustainable development, and improves access to energy in developing member countries.
  6. A total of 80 countries have signed and ratified the ISA Framework Agreement and 101 countries have only signed the agreement.