Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December to honour the day in 1948 when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The UDHR is available in more than 500 languages and is the most translated document across the globe. It continues to be the foundation of all international human rights laws.


  1. The UDHR is a document which “proclaims the inalienable rights that everyone is entitled to as a human being”- irrespective of their gender, language, religion, race, colour, national or social origin, political or other opinions among other statuses.
  2. Human rights are the rights that people simply have and are not granted by any state.
  3. These rights are inherent to all irrespective of any of the above statuses.
  4. Human rights range from right to life, right to food, right to education, right to health etc.
  5. This year’s theme for Human Rights Day is Equality - Reducing inequalities, advancing human rights.
  6. The theme is related to Article 1 of the UDHR which states that “all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.


  1. The Human Rights Council comprises 47 elected United Nations Member States, which are empowered to prevent inequality, abuses and discrimination, protect the most vulnerable, and punish the perpetrators of human rights violations.
  2. The National Human Rights Commission of India defines human rights as provided under the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993, as “Rights Relating To Life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the constitution or embodied in the international covenants and enforceable by courts in India”.