GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India was elected to the World Heritage Committee of the UN's cultural organisation for a four-year term, a week after the country was re-elected to the Unesco Executive Board. The World Heritage Committee meets once a year, and consists of representatives from 21 of the States Parties to the Convention elected by their General Assembly.


  1. The Committee is responsible for the implementation of the World Heritage Convention, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States parties.
  2. It has the final say on whether a property is inscribed on the World Heritage List.
  3. It examines reports on the state of conservation of inscribed properties and asks States Parties to take action when properties are not being properly managed.
  4. It also decides on the inscription or deletion of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger.


  1. On 17 November 2021, India won re-election to the Executive Board of the UN cultural organization for the 2021-25 terms with 164 votes.
  2. The Unesco Executive Board is one of the three constitutional organs of the UN agency (the others being the General Conference and the Secretariat) and it is elected by the General Conference.
  3. Acting under the authority of the General Conference, the Board examines the programme of work for the organisation and corresponding budget estimates submitted to it by the Director-General.  It consists of 58 member states each with a four-year term of office.