GS Paper - 3 (Energy)

Scientists at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), BHU claim to have developed a first-of-its-kind device in India for the on-site production of ultra-pure Hydrogen. According to the team, at a time when India has committed to zero net emissions by 2070 at the COP26 Climate Summit this is a major development in the Nations Sustainable Development Goals, the device is 100 per cent indigenous and every component made in IIT (Banaras Hindu University) facilities.

About the device

  1. The compact and ergonomically designed device caters towards sustainability and portrays socio and economic benefits.
  2. It is based on membrane technology for on-site production of ultra-pure hydrogen from methanol. It generates hydrogen, which is fed to the fuel cell to generate power (electricity).
  3. Further, the produced power can be used for EV charging, supplying power to mobile towers, and can also be installed at petrol pumps to generate hydrogen for hydrogen-based vehicles.
  4. The device is easy to use and covers a minimum space of 2 m2 (square meter) area. Moreover, it requires only 0.6 lit/hr of methanol for the production of around 900 lit/hr of hydrogen.
  5. The government recently launched the National Hydrogen Mission and National Electric Mobility Mission Plan to reduce the carbon footprint and dependency on fossil fuels.
  6. However, it pertains to two major concerns -- firstly, charging EVs through clean and green energy and secondly, commercialising hydrogen energy's storage and transportation.