GS Paper - 2 (Social Issues)

On the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (EVAW) (25 November 2021), the United Nations in Afghanistan has called for concrete actions to end violence against women. Gender-based violence continues to be a serious threat to women and girls and a major obstacle to achieving lasting sustainable development and peace.


  1. Referred to as a 'shadow pandemic', violence against women has been worsened by the Covid-19 pandemic and the humanitarian crisis.
  2. Globally, one in three women have experienced physical or sexual violence, mostly by an intimate partner.
  3. Afghanistan has one of the highest rates of violence against women globally, with nine out of 10 women experiencing at least one form of intimate partner violence in their lifetime.
  4. The global community needs to listen to the voices and experiences of Afghan women and girls and urgently respond to their needs, especially survivors of violence and those who face multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination.
  5. Violence against women and girls in Afghanistan has further increased due to restrictions in women and girls' enjoyment of their rights and freedoms, particularly women's right to work and their freedom of movement.