GS Paper - 3 (Agriculture)

Prime Minister on 19 November 2021 announced to repeal the three contentious agriculture laws that were enacted on 17 September 2020. The implementation of these laws was stayed by the Supreme Court on 12 January 2021. So, these laws were in effect for only 221 days.

What

  1. The three laws are the Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020; Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act, 2020; and Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, 2020.
  2. The farmers feared the laws would lead to the abolishment of the minimum support price (MSP) guaranteed by the government on select crops, and leave them at the mercy of big corporations.
  3. A committee will be constituted to take decisions on all such matters keeping in view the future.
  4. In this committee, there will be representatives of the central government, state governments, farmers, agricultural scientists, agricultural economists.

Flashback

  1. Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, 2020 allow farmers to sell their produce at places other than the APMC-regulated mandis.
  2. The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act is about doing away with the Centre’s powers to impose stockholding limits on foodstuffs, except under “extraordinary conditions”.
  3. The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act has to do with providing a regulatory framework for contract cultivation.