GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India and France held talks on developments relating to nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and security of outer space. The discussions took place at a meeting of India-France bilateral dialogue on disarmament and non-proliferation in Paris.


  1. The two sides discussed developments on the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda relating to nuclear, chemical, biological domains, as well as outer space security, conventional weapons and export controls, the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) said.
  2. The Indian delegation was led by the Joint Secretary (disarmament and international security) at the MEA and the French side was led by the head of strategic, security and disarmament affairs in the French foreign ministry.
  3. Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is a landmark international treaty whose objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
  4. The Treaty represents the only binding commitment in a multilateral treaty to the goal of disarmament by the nuclear-weapon States.
  5. Opened for signature in 1968, the Treaty entered into force in 1970. On 11 May 1995, the Treaty was extended indefinitely.