GS Paper - 3 (Energy)

To contribute India's commitment to increase non-fossil energy capacity to 500 gigawatt (GW) by 2030, coal and lignite companies have planned to install additional 5,560 megawatt (MW) of renewable capacity in the country with an investment of over Rs 15,000 crore, the coal ministry on 18 November 2021 said.


  1. This will take the total installed capacity to 7 GW. Coal India Ltd (CIL) alone has planned to install 3 GW of solar power in the next five years to achieve its net zero target.
  2. With the recent announcement on new climate targets by the Prime Minister at COP26 under 'Panchamrit Strategy', India has taken a big step towards cementing its commitment to clean energy.
  3. Since coal has to play a role of primary fuel for power generation in the country for the time being, till renewable sources fully caters to our energy demand, the Ministry of Coal in line with the commitment has already moved forward with a comprehensive Sustainable Development Plan.
  4. A full-fledged sustainable development cell (SDC) in the coal ministry has been established to advise, mentor and plan action to minimise the adverse impact of mining.
  5. First-mile connectivity (FMC) is a major initiative by coal companies to minimise environmental pollution, where coal is being transported through conveyor belts from coal handling plants to silo for loading. This process eliminates movement of coal through roads.
  6. Taking a big step, 39 such projects have been planned to be commissioned by 2023-24 with an investment of over Rs 13,000 crore.