GS Paper - 3 (Environment)

The International Solar Alliance (ISA) and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) at COP26 to collaborate and support the Parties in the implementation of ambitious national action in line with global efforts.

According to the Agreement

  1. The two institutions will jointly organise a set of activities with the UN Climate Change secretariat to facilitate the implementation of mitigation action in the energy sector, facilitate the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions and Long-term Low Emission Development Strategies.
  2. This will also lend support to developing country stakeholders, including SIDs and LDCs, in accelerating the adoption of policy options and approaches for decarbonisation technologies.
  3. To act against climate change and achieve Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) relating emission reduction before the target date, can be made possible by deploying solar and clean energy.


  1. The ISA is an inter-governmental treaty-based international organisation with a global mandate to catalyse global solar growth by helping to reduce the cost of financing and technology for solar.
  2. The alliance is committed to establishing solar as a shared solution that simultaneously addresses climate, energy and economic priorities across geographies, facilitating Energy Transition at a global level, Energy Security at national levels, while also ensuring Energy Access at the local level.
  3. The launch of the International Solar Alliance was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Francois Hollande, former President of France, in November 2015 at the 21st session of United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP-21) in Paris, France.