GS Paper - 2 (International Institutions)

24 October is observed as the United Nations Day every year. 2021 will mark this intergovernmental organization’s (dedicated to the crucial role of primarily ensuring global peace and security) 76th year since the foundation. On this special occasion that commemorates the inception of this global organization.

What

  1. In 1945, 24 October, the United Nations was officially established. 2 years later, the United Nations General Assembly in 1947 announced the Charter of the United Nations as the one which “shall be devoted to making known to the people of the world the aims and achievements of the United Nations and to gaining their support for its work”.
  2. The UN Charter was ratified by majority of signatories (including the 5 permanent members of the Security Council).
  3. After 2 decades, in 1971, the organisation adopted the United Nations Resolution and declared that the United Nations Day ought to be an international observance.
  4. The resolution suggested that the United Nations’ member states observe 24 October as a public holiday too.
  5. The United Nations at the time of inception had 51 members. Presently it consists of 193 member states; each of which is a member of the General Assembly.
  6. The General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat are the various bodies of the organization.
  7. The United Nations is the centre of coordination for all the other countries. It is responsible for maintaining and improving friendly relations among countries.