GS Paper - 1 (Geography)

India's biggest aromatic garden boasting of 140 species has been developed at Lalkuan in Nainital district. The garden has been developed over an area of three acres by the research wing of the Uttarakhand Forest Department. The project has been funded under Centre's compensatory afforestation scheme (CAMPA).

What

  1. Initiated in 2018, it aims to conserve various aromatic species, create awareness about them, promote research, and link them with the livelihood of local people.
  2. Lalkuan was selected as the site for the garden to offset perpetual stench that comes from the paper industries in the area.
  3. The aromatic garden has a 'Tulsi vatika' which contains more than 20 species of tulsi, including Rama tulsi, Shyam tulsi, van tulsi, kapoor tulsi as well as African, Italian and Thai tulsi.
  4. Besides Tulsi Vatika, it has eight different sections comprising aromatic leaves (lemon balm, rosemary, kapoor and various mint species), aromatic flowers ( chameli, mogra, rajnigandha, kewda), aromatic trees (chandan, neem chameli, naglingam, parijat) etc.
  5. The extracts of these aromatic plants are used in cosmetics for flavouring and fragrance purposes.
  6. These plants are also of great utility in making spices, pesticides and repellents.