Life expectancy in India dropped
GS Paper - 2 (Diseases)
The coronavirus pandemic, which has affected the lives of people at different levels, has also caused a drop in the life expectancy of the country by almost two years, a statistical analysis by scientists of the city-based International Institute for Population Studies (IIPS) has revealed.
What the report said
- The analytical report, points out the drop in life expectancy at birth in both men and women due to the pandemic.
- The life expectancy at birth in 2019 was 69.5 years for men and 72 years for women, which came down to 67.5 years and 69.8 years, respectively, in 2020.
- The life expectancy at birth is calculated on the basis of the average number of years a newborn is expected to live if mortality patterns at the time of the birth of the infant remain constant in future.
- The study undertook a factor termed 'length of life inequality' and found that Covid-19 has claimed maximum lives of men in the age group of 39-69.
- The 35-79 age group had excess deaths caused by Covid-19 in 2020 as compared to normal years and it is this group that has contributed immensely to the drop.
- This study was conducted to look at the burden repercussions of the Covid-19 on mortality patterns in the country.