Maharashtra became the first state to release its own Wildlife Action plan (2021-30). The new plan, which will be implemented over the next 10 years, recognises concerns about climate change impacts on wildlife, coastal ecosystems, marine biodiversity, flora and fauna.

What

  1. The plan will be a guiding document for an action plan for wildlife conservation for the next decade. The plan has suggested integrating climate change adaption in wildlife conservation.
  2. To develop a Climate Action Plan for the Coastal Region of the state in sync with the ‘State Climate Change Action Plan’ with special emphasis on ‘Climate Change Adaptation’ (CCA) and ‘Disaster Risk Reduction (DDR)’.
  3. The plan focuses on 12 areasConservation of the species, Control of Poaching and Illegal Wildlife Trade, Mitigation of Human-Wildlife Conflict and Rescue, Wildlife Health Management, Conservation of Inland Aquatic System, Conservation of Coastal and Marine Ecosystems, Management of Tourism in Wildlife Areas, Conservation Awareness and Outreach, People’s participation, Strengthening Research and Monitoring, Ensuring Sustained Funding for Wildlife Sector and Integrating State Wildlife Action Plan with other Sectoral Programmes and Strengthening and Enhancing Protected Area Network in Maharashtra State.
  4. Coastal ecosystems are extremely vulnerable to climate change and the spread of invasive species.
  5. It is therefore imperative to investigate, quantify and monitor the impacts of climate change on marine biodiversity and its possible relationship with invasive species.
  6. The plan has also integrated wildlife concerns in other sectors of the state government that are involved in infrastructure development, and rural development, agriculture, tourism and tribal development have been highlighted.